|Size||6 x 9|
|Published||Deseret Book and RSC BYU 2017|
Lengthening Our Stride: Globalization of the Church, published in January 2018 by the BYU Religious Studies Center and Deseret Book, builds upon the landmark 4 April 1974 address of President Spencer W. Kimball to LDS regional representatives in which he, in the initial months of his presidency, called upon the Church and its leaders to “lengthen our stride” and “enlarge our vision” in taking the gospel to “all nations.” Edited by Reid L. Neilson, Assistant Church Historian, and Wayne D. Crosby, Director of Global Support and Acquisitions in the Church History Department, the book includes twenty-one addresses presented in connection with 2006-2015 annual conferences of the LDS International Society, a BYU-based organization founded in 1989 that now has almost 3000 members of which approximately 70% are Americans who have been engaged as expatriates in corporate and professional activities in the world abroad. (A collection of twenty previous International Society addresses presented at 1998-2005 annual conferences, Global Mormonism in the 21st Century, was edited by Reid Neilson and published in 2008 by the BYU Religious Studies Center.)
The visionary determination of Spencer W. Kimball mirrors the bold pronouncements of Mormonism’s founding prophet, Joseph Smith, who famously declared that “the truth of God will go forth boldly, nobly and independent, till it has penetrated every continent, visited every clime, swept every country, and sounded in every ear….” In the four plus decades following President Kimball’s address, his vision of global growth is in the process of being realized with more than fourfold increases in LDS membership, missions, numbers of missionaries, and stake/ward/branch units; and with a dramatic almost tenfold increase in the number of LDS temples that dot the globe. Much of this growth in the global arena was spurred by the 1978 revelation making the Priesthood available to all worthy males as well as concerted efforts to initiate proselyting efforts in previously unopened areas. Neilson and Crosby as the book’s editors have in their Church History Department positions been at the forefront of efforts to address the challenges of Church globalization particularly with respect to the decentralization and localization of Church history administrative efforts. The LDS International Society’s annual conference each April has been a venue at which key globalization developments and challenges have been addressed. The editors have grouped the addresses they selected into five thematic sections: Poverty and Humanitarian Work; Public Perceptions and Relations; Peacemaking and Diplomacy; Religious Freedom and Oppression; and Growth and Globalization. The text of President Kimball’s 1974 address is included in an appendix.
Three of the volume’s twenty-one addresses were presented by non-American Church leaders. In addressing “Caring for the Poor and Needy,” in April 2014, Elder Gerald Causee (now Presiding Bishop of the Church) noted that the majority of Church growth is in poor and developing nations---with some 45% of Church members then living in developing countries. Elder Adesina J. Olukanni, a native of Nigeria who is an Area Authority Seventy, focused in his 2010 address on ethical challenges facing the international Church, particularly focusing on Africa. Michael Otterson, a UK native who was then Managing Director of Church Public Affairs, addressed in 2012 the Church’s increasing global visibility, as a counterpart to the “Mormon moment” being experienced in the U.S. Other presentations include Professor Valerie Hudson addressing the effect of demographic and gender-related trends on nations, regions and the international system; separate addresses on humanitarian-related efforts by Sharon Eubank (then Director of LDS Charities) and BYU Professor Warner Woodruff; separate addresses on the religious freedom/religious liberty topic by University of Utah President Michael Young and BYU Law School Professor Cole Durham; and a treatment of the intersection of the Church and international diplomacy by Elder Robert S. Wood who has career expertise in international relations.
Often sensitive cross-cultural challenges relating to Church globalization are addressed in separate addresses by Elder Cree-L Kofford and Elder Dennis B. Neuenschwander, emeritus members of the First Quorum of the Seventy. Elder Kofford, in focusing on his experiences in Asia, notes that “what you see working well along the Wasatch Front does not always work well…..in other parts of the world…..It is our responsibility to provide the kind of leadership that will bring people along as rapidly as they can come but no more rapidly than that, with compassion, understanding, and love.” Elder Neuenschwander, recalling his experiences in Eastern Europe, states that “the only way to put a local face to the Church is to use local faces….The Church is best established when local leaders and members carry their share of the responsibility. We may know the Church culture, policies, and procedures better than they, but they know the intricacies of their own culture into which the Church must fit.”
I heartily recommend Lengthening Our Stride: Globalization of the Church as a valuable collection of addresses that illuminates both the opportunities and the challenges of an increasingly global LDS Church.
D. Brent Smith
3 March 2018
I was quickly touched and inspired by the vision behind this book as I began reading on the morning of the day when I would receive news of President Monson's passing away. What I read that day would strongly influence my thinking as I pondered his role and the upcoming role of Russell M. Nelson. It has been a valuable read and I would recommend it to anyone seeking to understand the growing international presence of the Church, the role it can play in blessing others around the globe whether they care about our missionary message or not, and the challenges yet to be overcome in many lands in a world that desperately needs the Gospel to be preached to every people and in every tongue
Lengthening Our Stride has 5 parts with 21 chapters from a host of prominent thinkers and servants with deep international experience. Part 1, "Poverty and Humanitarian Work," addresses some of the global needs that are addressed by the teachings, programs, and resources of the Church. Part 2, "Public Perceptions and Relations," deals with the international public relations progress the Church has made along with ongoing challenges to overcome, as well as perceptions of the Church related to its humanitarian work. Part 3, "Peacemaking and Diplomacy," is a reminder of the need to continue proclaiming and promoting peace in spite of the ongoing tragedy of war between nations and among peoples, one of the most crucial things the global Church can do, in spite of our small numbers. I found particular value in Part 4, "Religious Freedom and Oppression," a section treating the brutal reality that many people in the world lack religious liberty, a need often marginalized these days when it can be just as important to many as access to food and water. Finally there is Part 5, "Growth and Globalization," dealing with some of the challenges and opportunities the Church faces in the global community, including issues such as migration, tension between religion and law, as well as the tension between the Church and the Islamic world.
The vision of the book expressed in the Preface captured my imagination and turned my mind to the inspiring words of President Kimball many years ago when he expressed the need for the Church to prepare for its global mission (see the July 1979 First Presidency Message, "The Uttermost Parts of the Earth," which could well have been reprinted in Lengthening Our Stride).
The decision to begin the book with consideration of the painful needs of people in many parts of the world was a wise one, in my opinion. It sets the stage for why the Church needs to be increasingly global. It is not about expanding numbers of members, but expanding the good that the Church can do in a world with perpetual poverty and pain. Many of the programs and activities of the Church as well as the service and zeal of numerous members internationally will often make little sense unless one understands the caring that ultimately motivates the globalization of the Church and the expansion of its influence in the world.
As I began reading Part 1, I was completely captivated by Valerie Hudson's essay, "Demographic and Gender-Related Trends," a rather tame title compared to her moving and eye-opening discussion on gendercide and the "profound devaluation of female life" in many parts of the globe. I recalled the Hmong woman we once had over for dinner, a refugee from genocide in Laos who had been able to flee to Wisconsin. In our conversation, she explained to us in all seriousness that as a woman, her opinion did not matter and that her voice and her life was just "a leaf blowing in the wind." We tried our best to persuade her otherwise, but it was not easy. In her experiences I could see up close some of the sorrow that the devaluation of female life brings.
Hudson, well known as a Mormon feminist and intellectual, has a perspective that needs to be shared and contemplated. After raising the devastating problems of gendercide, devaluation, and abuse facing women across the globe and exploring the different stages of evolving misogyny in society (sometimes celebrated as liberation and progress), Hudson then offers a profound vision of how these problems can be cured: "The restored gospel of Jesus Christ is the strongest and most progressive force for women in the world today. The most profound feminist act one can commit is to share the gospel." She explores the revolutionary views the restored gospel brings and points out that the Church is the place to find the kind of men who have been trained to respect women, to be faithful to them, to actively take part in raising children, and to abhor abuse and neglect.
"As the Church rises in support of women and as priesthood holders begin to conceive of themselves as part of a covenant of brotherhood that has sworn to uphold, among other things, the equality, safety, and flourishing of all the daughters of God, you will see the eyes of all women turn to this Church. And as the eyes of the women turn and they begin to assess their men according to the Lord's criteria, you will see men begin to turn as well. For men are clearly no victors in any of the forms of civilizational misogyny -- they suffer profoundly a well. Misogyny breeds misery for men as well as women." (p. 13)
How great the need to let the women and men of this planet know who they are!
There are many other outstanding chapters. Sharon Eubank's discussion of LDS Charities in "Zion's Foundations" reminds us of the importance of our humanitarian work -- not because of its potential to lead to missionary work later, as many wrongly assume, but because our brothers and sisters around the globe are in need and need our love. Many underestimate how sincere and intense Latter-day Saint yearning for the physical welfare of others is. My years in China have shown me numerous examples of Latter-day Saints doing much to help others faced with poverty or illness with no absolutely no hope of converting others or expectation that missionary work would be done. Silent, selfless service abounds in the Church and is one of the key things that members naturally do around the world on the own and with the help of Church organization as well.
Other essays I particularly enjoyed include Cole Durham's significant "Protection of Religious Liberties," coming from one of the world's great advocate of religious liberty. He critiques the world's downplaying of religious liberty, often swept aside as something we can ignore until we've taken care of poverty and other needs. Here he quotes Paul A. Marshall: "It is a travesty of the highest order to maintain that because people are hungry or cold, it is legitimate to repress their beliefs as well." Exactly. Durham treats some of the secular and political threats to religious liberty and discusses initiatives to preserve it. The work he has launched needs ongoing attention and support. Thank you, Brother Durham!
William Atkin's "Let Them Worship How, Where, or What They May," emphasizing the importance of religious liberty, is another valuable contribution, as is "Erosion of Religious Freedom: Impact on Churches" by Michael K. Young, former president and chancellor of the University of Utah.
On the other hand, one of the weaknesses of this excellent book is that some of the essays are dated. Michael Young's valuable contribution is from a 2011 presentation. Much of that essay retains its currency, but a particularly important and alarming portion addresses a pending (at the time) case before the US Supreme Court that threatened the elimination of the "ministerial exemption" that allows churches to select their own clergy without having to comply with local employment laws and their anti-discrimination policies. Young implies that the possible outcomes of that case could include having to apply all employment laws in selecting bishops, stake presidents, and all the other lay leaders we call in the Church. The concern was legitimate and remains a cause for vigilance, but fortunately, the case Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church and School v. EEOC was decided in favor of religious freedom with a 9-0 vote (for details, see SCOTUSBlog.com). That decision was issued Jan. 12, 2012 -- six years ago. An update of some kind would have been appropriate for the book.
Elder Lance B. Wickman's essay, "The Church in the Twenty-First Century" in Part 2, was from 2008. It discussed the rapidly evolving status of the church in a variety of nations, including Vietnam, China, and one disguised as "Andalasia" due to the sensitive nature of the topic at the time. In the decade since Elder Wickman's presentation, much has changed and the book would be stronger if there were at least an addendum of some kind to update the information. Still, the basic issues and the nature of the challenges we face globally remain valid and for places like Russia (not mentioned, at least not overtly) and China, religious liberty remains a delicate issue requiring faith, patience, and especially caution from members, including visitors who may not understand local regulations. In China where I live, for example, there has been remarkable kindness from the government shown toward the expat congregations of the Church, but the healthy relationship with authorities requires careful observance of the rules we have to maintain trust. I constantly worry that one well-meaning tourist or new resident could result in painful setbacks.
A few others essays would also benefit from an update of some kind, perhaps on a website to support the book. For example, Warner P. Woodworth's chapter, "Private Humanitarian Initiatives and International Perceptions of the Church" is from a 2008 presentation. There is so much more that has happened then. Elder Anthony Perkins' "Out of Obscurity" also helps us understand how the Church has risen in visibility in Asia and elsewhere, but much has happened since his 2012 presentation. Michael Otterson's essay, "In the Public Eye," gives his inside perspective on public relations progress for the Church around the world, from his role as managing director of the Public Affairs Department of the Church, but that was back in 2012 when he gave the speech that is printed here. His discussion of the impact of LDS celebrities and politicians is now somewhat dated though still useful. I'll also give bonus points to Otterson for mentioning LDS bloggers as having something of a role in the public perception of the Church.
The book would have been stronger with a 2017 addition covering recent development such as the refugee crisis from the Near East and elsewhere and some recent developments on various continents. Being completely current is an impossible moving target for a book, but it would have been helpful to get some updates and added perspectives from 2017.
In spite of such weakness, this is an inspiring book that will prepare us for the years ahead.